The Ohio Moss and Lichen Association (OMLA)
newsletter is called OBELISK.
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In remembrance of Don Flenniken, an award of $100 has been established for the best article submitted to OBELISK each year by a student member of the Ohio Moss and Lichen Association.  Articles should be about some aspect of bryology or lichenology with a text of at least one single-spaced page.  Accompanying photographs are encouraged, and priority will be given to original research.  Articles may be in the informal style (see recent issues of OBELISK) or in the more formal style of a journal paper.  Articles should be submitted by November 1 to allow judging before the OBELISK deadline.  Good luck students!

(Newsletter of the Ohio Moss and Lichen Association (OMLA)

The Ohio Moss and Lichen Association (OMLA) newsletter is called the OBELISK, which stands for Ohio Bryology et Lichenology, Identification, Species, Knowledge. In addition, the obelisk, found in most cemeteries, provides a nice microhabitat for several species of lichens and mosses. William Starling Sullivant (1803-1873), considered by many to have been the Father of American Bryology, lies beneath the shadow of an obelisk in Greenlawn Cemetery in Columbus, Ohio.

William Starling Sullivant monument The inscription reads:”William Starling Sullivant L.L.D.
A Classical Scholar and Member of Various Learned  Societies in Europe and America.

OBELISK volume 1 (2005) (.pdf link)

OBELISK. Don Flenniken. 2005. P. 1.
The name of the newsletter for the Ohio Moss and Lichen Association is the OBELISK (an acronym for Ohio Bryophytes et Lichens: Information, Science, Knowledge). William Starling Sullivant, considered to be the Father of American bryology, lies beneath the shallow of an obelisk.
The inscription reads “William Starling Sullivant L.L.D. A Classical Scholar and Member of Various Learned Societies in Europe and America.”

ORGANIZATION. Don Flenniken. 2005. P. 1.
The Ohio Moss and Lichen Association had its initial organizational meeting on June 3, 2004 at the Gorman Nature Center, Lexington, Ohio.

October 22-24. Adams County [Ohio]. Don Flenniken. 2005. P. 2.
The fall foray of the Ohio Moss and Lichen Association took place at the Edge of Appalachia Preserve System. The complete collection from this foray will be published in Evansia.
Lucas County [Ohio] April 16, 2005.

Don Flenniken. 2005. P. 2.
Jim Toppin and Janet Traub hosted the April 16, 2005 spring foray to Lucas County.

Bryophytes and Lichens from Lucas County, Ohio. Barb Andreas and Ray Showman. 2005. P. 2-5.
Lists of bryophytes and lichens collected on the Ohio Moss and Lichen spring foray are presented. The lists include 19 species of lichens and 36 species of bryophytes from the Lou Campbell State Nature Preserve, and 17 species of lichens and 13 species of bryophytes from the Roche de Boeuf Park, Farnsworth Metro Park.

Photo, Organizational Meeting, June, 2004. Diane Lucas. 2005. P. 6.

Photo, Participants in Fall Foray to Adams County, October 2004. Bob Klips. 2005. P. 6.

OBELISK volume 2 (2006) (.pdf link)

Photo, Participants in Fall Foray to Lawrence and Jackson Counties, 2005. Bob Klips. 2006. P. 1.

Lefthand Corner. Don Flenniken. 2006. P. 2.
Changes in identification techniques are causing nomenclatural changes which make it hard to keep up with all the name changes.

OMLA Midwinter Meeting. Bob Klips. 2006. P. 2.
The OMLA winter meeting will be held on January 21, 2006 at the Ohio State University Marion Campus. The meeting will focus on identification techniques and identifying difficult specimens.

Ohio Moss and Lichen Association – 2005 Fall Foray Sites. Ray Showman. 2006. P. 3-4.
Lists of macrolichens collected on the OMLA fall foray to Lawrence and Jackson Counties are presented. The lists include 46 macrolichens from the Wayne National Forest, 17 of which are county records. Forty-four species of macrolichens were collected at Canter’s Cave 4-H Camp in Jackson County, 9 of which were new county records.

Crustose Lichens [from Lawrence and Jackson Counties, Ohio]. Don Flenniken. 2006. p. 4.
A list of crustose lichens collected on the OMLA Fall Foray is presented. Ten species were collected in from Lake Vesuvius, Lawrence County, and 13 species from Canter’s Cave, Jackson County.

Bryophytes from the 2005 Fall Foray [Lake Vesuvius, Lawrence County, Ohio; Canter Caves, Jackson County, Ohio]. Barbara Andreas. 2006. P. 5-6.
A list of bryophytes collected on the OMLA Fall Foray to Lawrence County includes 16 liverworts, (all county records), and 64 mosses (37 are county records). From Jackson County, 26 mosses, 8 liverworts and 1 hornwort were collected. Jungermannia gracillima was the county record.

New Ohio Moss Record [Trematodon longicollis]. Bob Klips. 2006. P. 7-8.
Trematodon longicollis, a rare Ohio moss, was collected at Deep Woods, Hocking County, Ohio.

OBELISK volume 3 (2007) (.pdf link)

Range extension [Heterodermia casarettiana]. Don Flenniken. 2007. P. 1.
Heterodermia casarenttiana
was collected by Diane Lucas in Erie County, Ohio. It was originally known Adams and Gallia Counties.

New Squamulose Lichen Species [Acarospora oreophila]. Don Flenniken. P. 1.
Ascarospora oreophila K. Knutsen was collected in Trumbull County by Don Flenniken (#1465). The specimen is housed at the University of Southern California Herbarium (UCR).

Left Hand Corner. Don Flenniken. 2007. P. 2. Based on DNA and RNA sequencing, several Ohio macrolichen species have undergone name changes. A list is provided.

New Lichen Records for Montgomery County [Ohio]. Don Flenniken. 2007. P. 2. David Dister reported 51 species of macrolichens from Montgomery County Ohio. Thirty-three species are county records.

Crum/Tuckerman Workshop, Note. Don Flenniken. 2007. P. 2. The Crum and Tuckerman Workshops met [in July 2006] at Shawnee State Park for a 4-day workshop. The results will appear in an issue of Evansia.

OMLA Summer Foray to Zaleski State Forest [Vinton County, Ohio]. Barbara Andreas, Barbara. 2007. P. 3. Sixty one mosses and 12 liverworts were collected from Zaleski State Forest, Vinton, County, Ohio. Thirty two mosses and 13 liverworts were county records. Physciella chloantha was the only lichen collected that was a county record.

OMLA Fall Foray [to Washington County, Ohio]. Ray Showman. 2007. P. 4. Forty-four species of macrolichens and 10 species of crustose lichens were collected from Acadia Cliffs. Twenty nine of the macrolichens are county records. Canoparmelia amabilis was a new state record.

Photo, participants to the Crum-Tuckerman Group, 19 May 2006. Bob Klips. 2007. P. 5.

Photo, participants to the OMLA Foray 15 July 2006, Lookout Rock, Vinton County, Ohio. Bob Klips. 2007. P. 5.

Photo, participants to the OMLA Foray 30 September 2006, Washington County, Ohio. Bob Klips. 2007. P. 5.

OBELISK volume 4 (2007) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner. Don Flenniken. 2007. P. 1. Common names are local, in a particular country’s language, and are often made up to fit a region. Scientific names are in Latin and are universally accepted. Perhaps there is no need to learn two sets of names.

Moss and Lichen Workshop. Don Flenniken. 2007. P. 1-2. Students, professionals and community members came to the Museum of Biological Diversity at the Ohio State University to attend a lichen workshop, led by Ray Showman.

2007 Fall Foray [Pike and Ross Counties, Ohio]. Ray Showman and Barbara Andreas. 2007. P. 2-4. The 2007 Fall Foray started at Chimney Rocks, Pike County. At that site, 9 new county lichen records for reported. Thirty-two mosses and 8 liverworts were collected from Chimney Rocks, 7 mosses and 3 liverworts were county records. At the Scioto Trail State Forest in Ross County, 6 lichens and one moss were county records.

OMLA Plans for 2008. Anonymous. 2007. P. 4-5.
Plans for the 2008 were reported. January 19 will be the date of the annual workshop and meeting. The summer foray will take place in Gallia County. The fall foray will take place in Erie County.

Wanted (ALIVE): Lobaria pulmonaria. Ray Showman. 2007. P. 6. Lobaria pulmonaria has been collected from 14 Ohio counties. No collections have been made since 1965.

OBELISK volume 5 (2008) (.pdf link)

OMLA Website Up and Running! Anonymous. 2008. P. 1. Brian Gara and Bob Klips have the OMLA website running at

Lefthand Corner. Don Flenniken. 2008. P. 1. Lichens are compared to a city that ages and the interior begins to deteriorate and the growth moves outward.

New Lichen for Ohio [Usnea substerilis]. Ray Showman. 2008. P. 1-2. Usnea substerilis was found in the Wayne National Forest, Lawrence County, Ohio.

2008 OMLA Summer Foray [Gallia County]. Ray Showman and Diane Lucas. 2008. P. 2-3.
The 2008 OMLA summer foray took place at the Symmes Creek Site where the Crum-Tuckerman workshop (2006) visited. Thirty-eight species of lichens were recorded, including one new county record, Canoparmelia texana. Thirty-four species of mosses and 5 liverworts were recorded. Fourteen mosses and 2 liverworts were new to Gallia County.
New Crustose Lichen Reported for Ohio [Acarospora obpallens].

Don Flenniken. 2008. P. 3. Don Flenniken found Acrospora obpallens in Washington County, Ohio. It was on the deteriorating base of a sandstone. The specimen was confirmed by Kerry Knudsen, University of California – Riverside.

The 2008 OMLA Fall Foray (Erie County]. Don Flenniken, Diane Lucas and Ray Showman. 2008. P. 4-5.
From Edison Woods in Erie County, a total of 41 bryophytes and 21 species of lichens were reported. One moss species and 12 lichen species are new to the county. At Castalia Quarry, 25 lichens (two new to the county) and 39 species of bryophytes (four new to the county) were collected.

Entodon brevisetusin Ohio. John Wiley, John, Jr. 2008. P. 6-7.
Entodon brevisetus
has been recorded from six Ohio counties. John Wiley collected this taxon in Vinton County during his thesis research. E. brevisetus is probably overlooked.

Lichen Moths. Don Flenniken. 2008. P. 7-8.
Members of the subfamily Lithosiinae in the family Arctiidae are commonly known as the lichen moths. In 2005, in Adams County, OH, Barbara A. Lund photographed 4 species. Don Flenniken had collected lichen moths in Washington, Jefferson and Wayne Counties.

Ephemeral Mosses. Bob Klips. 2008. P. 8-10.
Ephemeral mosses tend to appear on disturbed open areas. They are cushion mosses and tend to appear either during spring or fall. Photographs and descriptions of several Ohio ephemerals are presented.

The Lichen [poem]. Don Flenniken. 2008. P. 10. A poem is devoted to the lichen.

Wanted (ALIVE) [Neckera pennata]. Barbara Andreas. 2008. P. 11.
Neckera pennata
, wavy-leaved moss, is listed as extirpated in Ohio. There are verified records from 3 Ohio counties, and unverified records 2 counties. No modern records are known.

Wanted (ALIVE) [Menegazzia terebrata]. Ray Showman. P. 11.
Menegazzia terebrata
, the treeflute lichen, was collected once in Clark County in 1877 in Ohio, and has not been seen since.

Photo, summer foray participants [Gallia Co.]. Bob Klips. 2008. P. 13.

Photo of Fall Foray Participants (Erie Co.]. Bob Klips. 2008. P.13.

OBELISK volume 6 (2009) (.pdf link)

Lefthand Corner. Don Flenniken. 2009. P. 1.
The inherent beauty of bryophytes and lichens make them as valuable as any other natural feature of the landscape.

Moss Musings- Making Useful Specimens. Barbara Andreas. 2009. P. 1-2.
Instructions are given on how to collect and make herbarium specimens. Information necessary for herbarium labels is provided.

2009 Summer Foray [Darke County]. Barbara Andreas and Ray Showman. 2009. P. 2, continued on 4-7.
On the 2009 foray, 26 species of macrolichens were reported. Sixteen were new to the county, and one, Physciella melanchra, is new to Ohio. Sixty four species of mosses where reported, with 57 being new county records. Five liverworts were found, all of which were county records. One moss, Brachythecium velutinum, is new to Ohio.

New Lichen for Ohio [Physciella melanchra]. Don Flenniken. 2009. P. 3.
Physciella melanchra was collected for the first time, growing at the Routzong Preserve, Darke County, Ohio. The voucher specimen is deposited at The Ohio State University.

New Moss Species for Ohio [Brachythecium velutinum]. Barbara Andreas. 2009. P. 7.
Brachythecium velutinum was found growing at the base of a recently fallen tree at the Routzong Preserve, Darke County, Ohio. The specimen is deposited at the Kent State University Bryophyte Herbarium.

Hitchhiking Lichens. Ray Showman. 2009. P. 7.
Ramalina complanata
is a rare Ohio lichen that was collected on the Darke County foray. Most of the recent records were from single thalli. It has also been collected on landscape plantings. Possibly this and other lichens move around by hitchhiking.

Corticolous Mosses. Bob Klips. 2009. P. 8-10.
Mat-forming pleurocarpous mosses tend to do well at the bases of trees. Other species, including acrocarps, are found higher on the tree. This article mentions just a few of the more common corticolous Ohio mosses.

Wanted (ALIVE) [Anzia colpodes]. Ray Showman. 2009. p. 10.
Anzia colpodes
, the Black-foam lichen, is widely distributed in Eastern US but is rare in Ohio. It is known from Ohio counties, all collected before 1945.

2009 Fall Foray [Meigs County, OH]. Ray Showman and Barbara Andreas. 2009. P. 11-13.
Forty-five species of macrolichens were recorded from the foray, including five new county records. A good population of Myelochroa metarevoluta was found at Shade River State Forest. This lichen was known from only two other Ohio counties. Twenty two species of crustose lichens were reported. A total of 77 bryophyte species were collected, and half were county records.

Here’s to the Lichen [poem]. Don Flenniken. 2009. P. 14.
A poem devoted to the life of a lichen.

Reindeer Lichen in Ohio. Ray Showman. 2009. P. 15-16.
Ohio has five species of reindeer lichens; the most common one is Cladonia furcata, the Many-forked Cladonia. It is reported from 56 counties. Another common reindeer lichen, Cladonia subtenuis, is found in 5 counties, primarily from unglaciated Ohio. Cladonia rangiferina is reported from 20 Ohio counties. The remaining two species of reindeer lichen are found in 10 counties each.

What Moss is This? Part 1- Tips for Making Microscope Slides for the Examination of Pleurocarpous Mosses. Diane Lucas. 2009. P. 16-17.
In order to identify mosses, microscopic slides are needed. Equipment, use of microscope, and preparation of microscopic slides are presented. Instructions are given for what identification features of pleurocarpous mosses are useful.

Wanted (ALIVE) [Loeskeobryum brevirostre]. Barbara Andreas. 2009. P. 17-18.
There are historical records of
Loeskeobryum brevirostre from 8 northern and northeastern Ohio counties. In 2008, Rick Gardner discovered a large population in Washington County.

Photo, participants in the 2009 Summer Foray to Darke County, Ohio, July 18, 2009. Bob Klips, 2009. P. 19.

Photo, participants in the 2009 Fall Foray to Meigs County, Ohio, September 18, 2009. Bob Klips. 2009. P. 19.

OBELISK volume 7 (2010) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner – Lumpers and Splitters. Don Flenniken. 2010. P. 1-2.
Judgment of likeness is expressed in families and genera whereas differences are expressed in species. Some see small minute differences (the splitters) whereas others see no differences and stuff all the species together in a box (the lumpers).

New Lichen For Ohio [Usnea cornuta]. Ray Showman. P. 2.
Usnea cornuta, a new record for Ohio, was found on a branch dislodged from the tree canopy by foraging nuthatches. Its distribution is spotty, stretching from coastal Maine, the Smoky Mountains and to New Mexico.

Hummingbird Nest Lichens. Ray Showman and Jim McCormac. 2010. P. 2-3.
Hummingbirds and blue-grey gnatcatchers use lichens to camouflage their nests. Nests were examined in order to establish the type of lichens used by each species. With the exception of Myelochroa aurulenta, the two bird species used the same lichens.

A Fascinating Show [poem]. Ray Showman. 2010. P. 4.
A poem dedicated to the variety of lichens and the habitats which they occupy.

Polytrichum piliferumin northwest Ohio. Jim Toppin. 2010. P. 4-5.
Polytrichum piliferum
is reported only from northwestern Ohio where it grows abundantly on sandy soil in the Oak Openings. It grows among grasses and helps form the soil crust.

Henry County Summer Foray. Ray Showman and Jim Toppin. 2010. P. 5-7.
Sixty one moss species and 8 liverworts were collected, with 43 mosses being county records. Twenty five macrolichens and 13 crustose lichens were collected. Physciella melanchra was collected for the second time in Ohio. Ramalina americana is an uncommon fruticose lichen and probably hitch-hiked to the area on nursery stock.

Wanted (ALIVE) [Schistostega pennata]. Bob Klips. 2010. P. 7-9.
Schistostega pennata
is an Ohio rarity, reported from only Geauga and Portage Counties. One literature citation refers to it growing on soil in caves. It will take a prepared eye to relocate this species.

Chemical Speciation? Bob Burrell. 2010. P. 9-10.
Lichenologists do not have the luxury or time to culture their specimens to see if the identifying characteristics hold true or whether they are merely expressions of the environments in which they are found. Would Cladonia grayi found growing in Scioto County still be identified the same if it were transported to, and allowed to grow elsewhere?

Wanted (ALIVE) Phaeophyscia orbicularis in Ohio. Don Flenniken. 2010. P. 10- 11.
Phaeophyscia orbicularis
was collected in 1982 in Adams County. It has not since been reported. It is on the “Ohio’s Lichen Watch List” and could turn up when least expected.

An Unusual Hornwort (Notothylas orbicularis). Bob Klips. 2010. P. 11-12.
Notothylas orbicularis was found by Jeff Rose at the Dawes Arboretum, Licking County.

Cemetery Lichens. Ray Showman. 2010. P. 13.
Headstones and their bases are frequently encrusted with lichens. There is a group of lichens that consistently find this habitat. This community is found in cemeteries throughout the state. These lichens are also found on trees in the flat Huron-Erie-Lake Plains and Till Plains region but are rarer in the Appalachian Plateau region.

What Moss Is This? Part 2 – Tips for Making Microscope Slides for the Examination of mostly Acrocarpous Mosses. Diane Lucas. 2010. P. 14-18.
Directions for sharpening razor blades, and dyes for staining Sphagnum are given. Instructions on how to prepare cross sections for compound microscope slides and characteristics of various acrocarps are highlighted.

Moss Musings – Bryophytes and Birds. Barbara Andreas. 2010. P. 18-19.
Carolina chickadees use corticolous bryophytes in constructing their nests.

Never Too Old To Learn – My Summer as an Intern at the New York Botanical Garden. Barbara Andreas. 2010. P. 19-20.
The article highlights the life of an intern at the New York Botanical Garden working with the genus Blindia.

2010 Fall Foray – Muskingum County, Ohio. Ray Showman and Barbara Andreas. 2010. P. 20-23.
Lichens recorded during the Muskingum County Foray included 47 macrolichens and 11 species of crustose lichens. Nineteen of the macrolichens are county records. Lichens of note include Myelochroa metarevoluta, Physcia pumilior and Xanthoparmelia tasmanica. Sixty five moss species and 11 liverwort species are new county records. The best moss finds were Fabronia ciliaris var. polycarpa, Ephemerum crassinervium, and Entodon brevisetus.

Photo, participants in the Summer Foray Participants (Henry County]. Bob Klips. 2010. P. 24.

Photo, participants in the Fall Foray Participants [Muskingum County, Ohio]. Bob Klips. 2010. P. 24.

OBELISK volume 8 (2011) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner – The Value of Amateurs. Ray Showman. 2011. P. 1-2.
Much of the information about species comes from specimens and observations made by amateurs. Observations and results must be made available to the scientific community by providing complete information.

Found Alive! Beginner’s Luck. Brian Riley. 2011. P. 2-3.
Teloschites chrysophthalmus was found in Union County, Ohio. It was a presumed extirpated from the state, last collected in Erie County in 1910. It was found while examining an ash tree for the emerald ash borer.

Ohio Moss and Lichen Associations. Bob Klips. 2011. P. 3-6.
Bryophytes and lichens share similar substrate requirements and occupy the same microhabitats. They are poikilohydric and are capable of drying out for a prolonged period. Specific lichens and mosses frequently occur together.

Lichens May Inactivate Prions. Bob Burrell. 2011. P. 6-7.
Research has indicted that lichens may have potential for reducing prions because of naturally-produced protease enzymes. Lichens produce unique organic compounds that have antimicrobial activities.

Revision of the Lichen Genus Punctelia. Don Flenniken. 2011. P. 7-8.
The name applied to the North American lichen species Punctelia subredecta should be rejected in favor of Punctelia caseana, the common eastern species, but Punctelia perreticulata is a valid species and is found in southern Ohio. A modified key to 5 species of Punctelia is presented.

What Color Is That Rock Tripe? Bob Burrell. 2011. P. 8-9.
Rock tripe (Umbilicaria mammulata) is usually gray-brown to olive-brown in color. However, there are definitely some populations that are green. Epiphytic green algae on the upper surface may be responsible for this color phase.

Ohio Bryology and the Moss Atlas: History and Progress. Barbara Andreas. 2011. P. 9-12.
The histories of the “Catalog and Atlas of the Mosses of Ohio”, OMLA, the OBELISK, and modern Ohio bryophyte herbaria are discussed.

The Crustose Lichens of Jefferson County [poem]. Don Flenniken. 2011. P. 13.
A poem about lichens collected some 45 years ago is presented, along with a list of crustose lichens from Jefferson County, Ohio.

Pine Tree Lichens. Ray Showman. 2011. P. 13-14.
Two lichens, Imshaugia placorodia and Tuckermanella fendleri are almost always found on the twigs of Virginia pine (and other pine species). Tuckermanopsis americana and T. ciliaris are also near obligate pine dwellers. Imshaugia aleurites also favors bine bark, usually on the trunks rather than the twigs.

Moss Musings – An Ordinary Ohio Road. Barbara Andreas. 2011. P. 15-16.
An ordinary rock outcrop along a dirt road in Vinton County yielded some rare and interesting bryophytes. Collecting with friends is rewarding.

Summer Foray [Defiance County]. Jim Toppin. 2011. P. 16-18.
Forty one lichen species, 25 of which were county records, were recorded. Hyperphyscia confusa was new to Ohio. Forty four species of mosses, all of which were county records were also collected.

Wanted (ALIVE). Ohio Liverworts. Barbara Andreas. 2011. P. 18-19.
The last checklist for Ohio liverworts was published in 1964. That checklist lists 122 species of liverworts. The distribution maps and nomenclature are outdated. Ohio liverworts should be collected and deposited in herbaria.

The Dust Lichens. Don Flenniken. 2011. P. 19-22.
The group of lichens currently known as the “dust lichens” has been largely ignored because they do not produce apothecia or fungal spores. They are placed in the group called Fungi imperfecti. At the present time, there are approximately 9 species known from Ohio. These taxa are illustrated and discussed.

New and Unusual Mosses 2009-2011. Bob Klips. 2011. P. 22-25.
New and unusual mosses collected in Ohio between 2009-2010 are listed and discussed. Of these Physcomitrium collenchymatum is new to Ohio.

OMLA Fall Foray – 2011 [Crawford and Morrow Counties, Ohio]. Jeff Rose and Bob Klips. 2011. P. 25-27.
A total of 20 species of lichens, 18 of which are county records, are reported from Crawford County; and 26 species, including 11 county records, were reported from Morrow County. A list of mosses, liverworts and hornworts is presented. Two state-listed mosses, Plagiothecium latebricola and Campylostelium saxicola, were collected from Crawford County.

Lower Plants [poem]. Ray Showman. 2011. P. 27.
A poem singing the praises of moss and lichens is presented.

Collecting Lichens in West Virginia. Don Flenniken. 2011. P. 28.
Flenniken describes a church service he attended while collecting lichens. Field trips are not all about specimens.

Photo, participants of the Summer Foray, June 11, 2011. Bob Klips. 2011. P. 29.

Photo, participants of the Fall Foray, October 1, 2011. Bob Klips. 2011. P. 29.

OBELISK volume 9 (2012) (.pdf link)

This issue of OBELISK is dedicated to Don Flenniken, who passed away on October 20, 2012 after a short illness. Don was a charter member of OMLA and was the originator of OBELISK.

Left Hand Corner. Don Flenniken. 2012, P. 1
“One may never know of the influence we have on another somewhere in the days gone by. Some of us have been lucky… even after several years have passed. And so it was with me. …”

Hyperphyscia confusa – New Lichen Found in Ohio. Don Flenniken. 2012, P. 2
A specimen from Defiance County extends the range of this recently described species.

OMLA 2012 Summer Foray – Fayette County. Barbara K. Andreas and Ray Showman, P. 2-4. 1 photograph
Foray site descriptions and species lists, including 24 new lichen county records and 23 new county records for mosses and liverworts.

Wanted (Alive)! Specklebelly Lichen. Ray Showman, P. 4. 2 photographs
“There are two species of Pseudocyphellaria which could be present in Ohio. The common name refers to the pseudocyphellae dotting the lower surface… To locate either of these in Ohio would be a major find.”

Where Mosses Grow. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 5
A prose poem for both experienced and aspiring field bryologists.

Crustose Lichens in Ohio. Ray Showman and Don Flenniken, P. 5-6. 2 photographs
An introduction to exploring, enjoying and appreciating these lesser-known lichens.

To the Ohio Moss And Lichen Association! poem by Ray Showman, P. 6

Using Bryophytes to Assess Wetland Quality. Brian Gara and Bill Schumacher, P. 7-9. 1 table.
“We are exploring what additional information bryophytes can tell us about wetlands. More specifically we are seeing if bryophytes can also be used as indicators of different types of wetlands similar to how vascular plants are currently used. If so, that would be quite useful, as vascular plants have only a small window (~mid-June to mid-September) when they can be evaluated vs. bryophytes which can be looked at and collected essentially the entire year.”

Is This a Pink Lichen? Ray Showman, P. 9. 2 photographs
Dibaeis baeomyces and Dibaeis absoluta are small lichens with distinctive pink apothecia. Learn how to recognize them in the field.

WANTED – (ALIVE)! Pogonatum brachyphyllum. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 10. 2 photographs
Look for this rare moss on moist, sunny sandstone cliffs in southeastern Ohio.

2012 Fall Foray: Monroe County, Ohio. Carole Schumacher, P. 10-13. 3 tables
49 lichen species were found during the foray, including 22 new county records. Of the 57 moss species collected, 30 are new county records. The 10 liverworts collected are all new county records.

Moss Musings – What is the range of Plagiomnium cuspidatum? Barbara K. Andreas, P. 13-14
Online resources for information about bryophytes.

Moss Poem in Fits and Starts. Jim Toppin, P. 14

Ode to a Mossy Log. Ray Showman, P. 14

American Botanical Society Visits Deep Woods. Cynthia Dassler, P. 15
“Four OMLA members hosted a field trip to Deep Woods Farm, a 280-acre private parcel owned by the Blyth family, located about a mile south of South Bloomingville in Hocking County, Ohio, on July 7, 2012. The field trip was arranged in conjunction with the American Botanical Society at the National Botanical meetings, ‘Botany 2012’.”

Monitoring Moss Establishment in a Wet Prairie Restoration. Bob Klips, P. 15-20, 12 photographs
Ephemeral mosses Barbula, Bryum, Aphanorrhegma, Physcomitrium, Ephemerum, and Trematodon were studied one year after the establishment of a restored wetland. Genetic analysis may provide insights into the breeding systems and possible hybridization among these mosses.

White Script Lichen: New Species Discovered in Ohio. Don Flenniken, P. 20-21, 1 photograph
In 1977, Ray Showman collected an unusual script lichen (family Graphididaceae) in Gallia County. Unlike other script lichens known in our region, this specimen has pale yellowish linear apothecia. Because the specimen is too small to be formally described as a new species, collectors are encouraged to look for other specimens of this unusual lichen.

Don G. Flenniken 1933 – 2012. Ray Showman, P. 21, 1 photograph
A poetic tribute to our good friend and field companion.

News and Notes. P. 21-22.
• OMLA members Mike Kangas of University Heights, Ohio, and Bob Burrell of Morgantown, West Virginia died in 2012.
• The Flenniken Award was established for the best article submitted to OBELISK each year by a student member.
• The 2013 Crum Bryological Workshop will be held in the Gaspé region of Quebec.
• The book “Mycophilia (Revelations from the Weird World of Mushrooms) by Eugenia Bone is recommended reading.
• Lichens in Art: A painting of a gray squirrel by John James Audubon depicts foliose and fruticose lichens.
• Group photos of participants at the OMLA Summer and Fall Forays.

OBELISK volume 10 (2013) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner. Janet Traub, P. 1
“Learning mosses is a lot easier if someone shows you some. …Be generous with world knowledge and, with a few moments of demonstration, become the picture book that speeds anyone who asks about mosses to a clear grasp of one more facet of the world.”

The “Enlichenment” of Indiana: A Thesis in the Making. Maggie Kubina, P. 1-2
The author, a graduate student at Taylor University, describes field work to document the corticolous macrolichens at Salamonie River State Forest in Wabash County. The goals are to inform forestry management plans and determine if lichen species prefer particular tree species. This article was awarded the Flenniken Prize for the best student article of the year.

Moss Musings – Deciding What is Rare. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 3-6
Discusses seven criteria for determining which bryophyte species are rare in Ohio. Gives the status (extirpated, endangered or threatened), habitat and county distribution of the 26 species on the Rare Native Ohio Plant List.

Bryophyte Diversity. Ray Showman, P. 6
Ode to mosses and liverworts

Allen County 2013 Foray. Jim Toppin, P. 6-7, 3 lists
We visited Kendrick Woods State Nature Preserve, which is part of the Johnny Appleseed Metropolitan Park District. We identified a total of 42 moss taxa, (31 new county records), 3 liverworts, and 18 macrolichens (12 new county records).

Dyeing with Lichens. Ray Showman, P. 8-9, 2 photographs
Common macrolichens Parmelia sulcata, Parmotrema hypotropum and Punctelia rudecta were tested as sources of dyes for cotton and wool. The preparation process is described. The results produced vivid colors in wool and subdued colors in cotton.

Moss as a Geologic Dating Tool. Janet Traub, P. 9-12, 6 literature citations
In 2012, Stein Bondevik and colleagues reported finding mosses, still green, buried seven meters beneath a Norwegian bog. The mosses were aged to 8120–8175 BP (before present). Evidence showed that the mosses were deposited by a tsunami generated by a massive undersea landslide that started near Storegga, Norway. This data will help narrow down many interrelated geologic questions about climate and geological history in the northern hemisphere.

Wanted (Alive)! Lasallia pensylvanica. Ray Showman, P. 12, 1 photograph
The only Ohio record of Blackened Toadskin lichen (Lasallia pensylvanica) is a very old specimen, with the location given as “somewhere in Ohio.” It has a coal-black undersurface, distinguishing it from Common Toadskin (Lasallia papulosa). Next time you see a Toadskin, be sure to check the undersurface!

Yea for the OMLA! Ray Showman, P. 12-13. 2 tables.
Since the founding of OMLA in 2004, members have added 3 new state records of mosses and 8 new state records of macrolichens. OMLA forays have produced 543 new county records of mosses and 281 new county records of macrolichens.

New Crustose Species for Ohio. Ray Showman, P. 13.
The excellent new book by James Lendemer, Richard Harris and Erin Trip (The Lichens and Allied Fungi of Great Smokey Mountains National Park, 2013) describes two new species with specimens from Ohio: Arthonia susa, Adams Co., and Lecanora appalachensis, Scioto Co. Both of these were collected during the joint Crum–Tuckerman Workshop in 2006.

Pyxine in Ohio. Ray Showman, P. 13-14, 4 photographs.
Two species of the lichen genus Pyxine (Button Rosette Lichen) are found in Ohio: P. sorediata and P. subcinerea. Here’s how to identify them.

The Weird Ones: Mosses of Unusual Form and Structure . Bob Klips, P. 14-19, 15 photographs.
A fascinating tour of some taxonomic groups of Ohio mosses that have strikingly distinctive features: Sphagnum with its tuft of branches at the stem tip, the lidless capsules of Andraea, the gemmae cups and four-tooth capsules of Tetraphis, and many more.

Marsupella emarginata – Rediscovered in Ohio. Barbara K. Andreas , P. 19, 1 photograph.
This liverwort was recently found in a seepage over a sandstone outcrop in Athens County. The only other Ohio collections were in Hocking County in the 1920s-30s.

Wanted (Alive)! Scorpidium scorpioides. Barbara K. Andreas , P. 19-20, 1 photograph.
Only two Ohio specimens of this large, wormlike moss are known, both from Cedar Bog in Champaign County. Its typical habitat is shallow water in calcareous wetlands. The older portions typically are covered with lime, but the young growing tips are a shiny golden-yellow to red-brown.

OMLA Sponsors Illustrations in FNA. Bob Klips, P. 20, 1 figure.
Several OMLA members pitched in to sponsor the illustration of Polytrichastrum ohioense (Ohio haircap moss) in vol. 27 of the Flora of North America.

Foray Time! Ray Showman, P. 21
A poem singing of some of the many reasons you should join us on our next foray!

Columbiana County 2013 Fall Foray. Rick Gardner, Ray Showman and Jim Toppin, P. 21-23, 3 lists
Our group of 20 went to two sites in the unglaciated part of the county: Sheepskin Hollow State Nature Preserve and Beaver Creek State Park. Among the hemlock ravines, sandstone cliffs, slump blocks, waterfalls and other habitats, we collected 40 different lichens (31 new county records), 70 mosses (30 new county records), and 15 liverworts.

News and Notes. P. 24
• Bob Klips and Ray Showman working on Common Ohio Lichens field guide to be published in 2015 by the Ohio Division of Wildlife.
• List of the presentations and publications by OMLA members this year

• Group photos from the OMLA Summer and Fall Forays

To Fungus from Alga. Mollie Caird (1922-2000) P. 25
An ode to the lichen.

OBELISK volume 11 (2014) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner. Make a Difference. Ray Showman, P. 1.
“In addition to our personal goals, we should look for opportunities for actions that make a difference on a larger scale.”

Thuidium delicatulum var. radicans – New to Ohio. Barb Andreas, P. 1-2, 1 photograph.
This new state record was found along a grassy ditch in Slate Run Metro Park, Pickaway County, growing with Calliergonella lindbergii (Hypnum lindbergii).

2014 Summer Foray, Pickaway County. Ray Showman and Barb Andreas, P. 2-3, 3 species lists, group photo on P. 33.
Slate Run Metro Park consists of young to mature deciduous forest with a rocky (glacial till) stream, trees in open mowed parkland and a buttonbush swamp. Results were 27 macrolichen species, including 15 new county records; 61 moss taxa, including 1 new state record and 25 new county records; and 9 liverworts, 8 of them new to the county.

Found (Alive)! Xanthomendoza hasseana. Ray Showman, P. 3-4, 2 photographs.
Presumed extirpated in Ohio with no records since the late 1800’s, this lichen was rediscovered growing on aspen in Summit County.

Spicy Females and Slender Males: Sexual Dimorphism in Liverworts. Linda Fuselier, P. 4-6, 2 photographs.
In some liverwort species, male and female plants may differ in their morphology, physiology and life history traits. In these dimorphic species, females tend be larger than males, while males tend to have have more red color and more branches than females. Usually, males put more energy into asexual reproduction than females. Have a closer look at the liverworts next time you’re in the field!

Those Wonderful Cladonias. Ray Showman , P. 6-7, 4 photographs, 1 map.
An illustrated introduction to the enjoyment of several common Cladonia species, among the 35 known from Ohio.

Favorite Finds and Hoped-Fors in 2014. Jim Toppin, P. 7-8.
Notes on some interesting bryophytes and lichens seen or not seen this year.

Wanted (Alive)! Ray Showman, P. 9, 1 photograph.
Bryoria furcellata (Burred Horsehair Lichen) is a small, abundantly branched, dark-brown fruticose lichen found on bark or old wood. It’s not easy to spot, so be on the lookout for it!

Plagiomnium cuspidatum – The First Moss Recorded From All 88 Ohio Counties, Barb Andreas, P. 9.
A call to field bryologists to fill the gaps for several other common moss species in Ohio, including Amblystegium varium, Anomodon attenuatus, Entodon seductrix and Platygyrium repens.

Bryophilia. Ray Showman, P. 9.
A rhyme about moss tattoos.

OEPA Progress Report, Bill Schumacher and Brian Gara, P. 10.
As reported in OBELISK vol. 9, the Ohio EPA wetland bryophyte project is assessing the use of bryophytes as indicators of wetland disturbance. To date, bryophyte ID is complete for ~ 41 of the 50 project sites (over 1700 envelopes and 2400 specimens). So far, three parameters (number of bryophyte species, number of bryophyte genera, and moss Floristic Qualitative Assessment Index) show high correlations with wetland disturbance and the vascular plant community. If this holds true, it may be possible to use bryophytes as an indicator of wetland disturbance.

The Importance of Common Things, Bill Schumacher, P. 10-11.
Although the rare and unusual often attract our attention, we can find much beauty and fascination when we appreciate the common things around us.

Easy To Learn! Ray Showman, P. 11, 2 photographs.
Learn lichens the fun way with this illustrated poem.

The Magic of Stacking: What Is It, Why Do It, and How to Do It. Diane Lucas, P. 12-16, 11 photographs, 2 figures, 1 table.
When photographing something through a microscope, it is impossible to get a sharp focus on all parts of even a relatively flat object, such as a moss leaf. This basic tutorial introduces you to the equipment and techniques for “stacking,” where you take a series of shots from lowest sharp focus to highest sharp focus somewhere in the field of view, and then use software to combine the best parts of each picture in a single image. You can use a similar technique to obtain sharp photographs of bryophytes and lichens in the field.

Old Limestone Fence Is a Haven for Cryptogams. Bob Klips, P. 16-20, 13 photographs.
Take a scenic tour of the beautiful lichens, mosses and liverworts hidden in a city park in Columbus, Ohio.

Moss Musings: Exploring the Cape Horn Archipelago in Search of Blindia. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 20-26, 8 photographs.
The adventures of riding a crabbing boat crowded with 8 other bryologists (plus a crew of 4) around the southern tip of South America, collecting bryophytes in forest and tundra.

2014 Fall Foray, Adams and Pike Counties. Ray Showman and Barb Andreas, P. 26-27, tables on P. 30-32, group picture on P. 33, 5 literature citations.
For OMLA’s 10th anniversary, we returned to the general area of our first foray, collecting at the General Electric Engine Testing Facility, Edge of Appalachia Preserve, and Strait Creek Prairie Bluff Preserve. We recorded 59 macrolichens, 62 mosses, 9 liverworts, and 1 hornwort.

Thank You Barb! Ray Showman, P. 27.
A poem celebrating our founder, on our 10th anniversary as an organization.

News and Notes. P. 28.
Upcoming events.

Where To Next? Ray Showman, P. 28-29, 1 map.
Starting to plan for next year’s forays.

A Special Breed. Ray Showman, P. 29.
A poem celebrating the unique qualities of lichens.

OBELISK volume 12 (2015) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner: New Lichen Found. Ray Showman, P. 1-2, 2 photographs.
A lichenologist’s light-hearted visit to Hobbiton, New Zealand.

Brown County 2015 Summer Foray – A Student’s Perspective. Brandon Ashcraft, P. 2-3.
For anyone with a budding interest in mosses and lichens, OMLA forays provide an opportunity to learn from and interact with bryologists and lichenologists and gain experience in collecting and identification.

Diphyscium mucronifolium Rediscovered in Ohio. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 3-4, 2 photographs.
After two Ohio collections of the Cumberland Grain O’Wheat Moss in 1988 and 1989 at sites in Hocking and Jackson counties, this moss was rediscovered at those sites in 2015. The species is considered endemic to the southeastern United States, possibly with a disjunct population in East Asia. It is listed as Endangered in Ohio.

Crustose Lichen Workshop at the Edge of Appalachia. Ray Showman, P. 5-6, 2 photographs, 2 species lists.
Dr. James Lendemer from The New York Botanical Garden taught a workshop on the biology and identification of crustose lichens at the Eulett Center in Adams County. Prior to the workshop, Dr. Lendemer collected 48 crustose lichens and 22 macrolichens in Edge of Appalachia preserves, including 2 new species for Ohio: Cladonia floerkeana and Phaeophyscia insignis.

2015 Summer Foray – Brown and Highland Counties. Ray Showman and Barb Andreas, P. 7-8, 2 species lists.
We visited Indian Creek and Grant Lake wildlife areas in Brown County, as well as Miller Nature Preserve in Highland County. We collected 31 lichen species, 49 moss taxa, 3 liverworts and 1 hornwort. Interesting finds included Usnea mutabilis, Trematodon longicollis and Pleuridium subulatum.

The Old Limestone Fence. Ray Showman, P. 9.
Poem on the mosses, lichens and other delights you might find on old stacks of rocks.

Moss Musings — Usable, Inexpensive Fine-Tipped Forceps. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 9.
A comparison of lower-cost forceps for moss identification.

The Lichen Genus Xanthoparmelia. Ray Showman, P. 10-11, 4 photographs.
Of the 8 species of Xanthoparmelia reported from Ohio, 2 are common here: X. conspersa and X. plittii. Granite boulders and sandstone outcrops in sunny locations are good places to look for them. Here are some basics to help you recognize them.

Neckera penata: A Presumed Extirpated Moss Rediscovered in Hocking County. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 11-12, 1 photograph.
Prior to 1938, this moss had been collected in Champaign, Cuyahoga, Hocking, Jackson, and Lake counties. Two populations were recently found growing on cherry birch trees in Hocking Hills. Look for it in deeply shaded ravines with streams and waterfalls.

Wanted (Alive)! Punctelia perreticulata. Ray Showman, P. 12-13, 1 photograph.
This lichen is known in Ohio from one location in Adams County. Look for it on acid-bark trees on ridge tops in southern Ohio. The upper surface is sharply ridged, with soredia erupting along the ridges, especially toward the center of the thallus. Like all Punctelias, it has pseudocyphellae, those tiny white dots on the surface of the lobes. The undersurface is black.

An Exciting Find in May 2015 in Erie County, Ohio. Diane Lucas, P. 13-14, 3 photographs.
The Vermilion River in Erie County is a rough dividing line between calcareous areas to the west and the more-acid sandstone to east. It cuts through shale and has some interesting shale cliffs along its route. A search for ephemerals (mostly Physcomitrium pyriforme) at the edge of a soybean field in the flood plain found Discelium nudum. Among its distinctive features are a red-brown peristome, horizontal capsule, twisted seta, reduced brownish gametophyte and persistent green protonema.

Lichen Chemistry. Ray Showman, P. 14-15, 1 photograph.
Lichens produce a multitude of complex organic compounds: over 600 have been identified, most found nowhere else in nature. Lichen chemistry is an important aid in lichen identification. Several chemicals and techniques, including ultraviolet light, are used for identification.

Shades of Gray. Ray Showman, P. 15.
An ode to the rainbow of lichen colors, including gray.

Ohio EPA’s Wetland Bryology Survey. Bill Schumacher, P. 16-19.
This preliminary investigation appears to show a very tight relationship between the overall diversity of bryophytes in a wetland and the ecological condition of the vascular plant community, so a biological index for bryophytes could be beneficial to the Ohio wetland regulatory program. Most bryophytes are present year-round, so this tool would have fewer temporal limitations than biological assessments dealing with vascular plants and amphibians. The most compelling result from this analysis is the relationship between the number of bryophyte genera at a site and the ecological condition as quantified by an index of the vascular plant community.

Fall Foray to Montgomery County. P. 19-21, 2 tables, 2 photographs.
We forayed to the Dayton, Ohio area, visiting Possum Creek, Germantown, and Englewood Metroparks of the Five Rivers MetroParks system, giving us a variety of interesting habitats. Of the 56 moss species collected, 50 are new county records. We also recorded 6 liverwort species. Highlights include Barbula indica (endangered in Ohio), Zygodon viridissimus, Anomodon viticulosus and Cryphaea glomerata.

News and Notes. P. 21-23, 3 photographs.
Upcoming event, book review, foray group photographs.

OBELISK volume 13 (2016) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner: Lichen Study 1800s. Janet Traub, P. 1.
Simon Schwendener’s breakthrough in understanding what lichens really are.

Ohio Bryophytes Are Disturbed by Fire. Nicole Kirchner, P. 1-3, 3 photographs, 1 map, 4 references.
How bryophytes are affected by burning and thinning treatments to regenerate oak (Quercus) tree dominance in southeastern Ohio forests.

Usnea hirta Discovered in Ohio. Tomás J. Curtis, P. 4, 1 photograph.
The first Ohio specimen of this beard lichen was found on a crabapple tree in Liberty Park wetlands in Twinsburg, northeast Ohio. The species is characterized by extremely dense isidia covering its branches.

Bryophytes and Lichens from the 2016 Summer Foray to Carroll County. Barbara K. Andreas and Ray Showman, P. 4-6, 3 species lists.
This eastern Ohio county is in the unglaciated Allegheny Plateau physiographic region, underlain by Pennsylvanian bedrock of primarily acidic sandstones, with intermixed coal, siltstones and limestones. The foray group collected 21 macrolichens (11 county records), 54 mosses (44 county records) and 16 liverworts (all new county records).

Wanted Alive – Andreaea rupestris! Barbara K. Andreas, P. 6, 1 photograph.
The only known Ohio specimen of this species, now considered extirpated from Ohio, was collected in Hocking County in 1940. Look for it on acidic rocks, especially in areas of seasonal seepage over the rock surface.

Crustose Lichens. Bob Klips, P. 7-9, 8 photographs.
An introduction to the fascinating study of crustose lichens, with photographs of common species in Ohio.

Additions to the Crustose Lichen Flora of Ohio. Bob Klips, P. 10-12, 8 photographs.
An illustrated discussion of six crustose species recently collected in Ohio.

Ménage à Trois? Ray Showman, P. 12.
Researchers have begun investigating yeasts as a third symbiont in lichens.

Usnea in Ohio. Ray Showman, P. 13-14, 3 photographs.
With improving air quality, beard lichens are making a comeback in Ohio. Old county records are being updated, and new state records have been added. Keep an eye out for these when botanizing!

Moss Musings: A Call for an Updated List of Mosses of North America North of Mexico. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 14-16, 12 literature citations.
Recent publications have introduced new names for mosses, forcing decisions about which name to use when identifying specimens. Bryologists, especially those not in herbaria or academic institutions, need an updated version of the List of Mosses of North America North of Mexico (1990), or a regularly updated web list similar to that used by lichenologists.

Still Wanted Alive. Ray Showman, P. 16-17, 1 photograph.
Lungwort is a large, green lichen with a striking appearance. Improved air quality suggests that it may reappear in Ohio after a long absence, so this is a good one to look for.

Found (Alive)! Usnea ceratina. Ray Showman, P. 17, 1 photograph.
Known from Ohio by only four pre-1945 county records, this lichen was recently collected in the author’s own backyard.

Fall Foray in Western Ohio. Jim Toppin, P. 17-20, 3 species lists.
We visited very diverse habitats at Charleston Falls Preserve, Garbry Big Woods Sanctuary, Stillwater Prairie Reserve and Maple Ridge Reserve, all part of the Miami County Park District. The results were 40 moss taxa collected (33 new county records), 5 liverworts and 40 macrolichen species (23 new county records). Noteworthy finds were mosses Brachythecium velutinum and Ephemerum crassinervium and lichens Punctelia perreticulata, Melanohalia exasperata and Parmotrema margaritatum.

Found (Alive)! Bryoria furcellata. Ray Showman, P. 20.
This fruticose lichen, uncommon in Ohio, was found in a wooded ravine in Carroll County on the upper branches of a recently felled tree.

Airborne. Ray Showman, P. 20.
A poetic look at how lichens and mosses disperse through the air to suitable habitats.

News and Notes. Ray Showman, P. 21-23.
• OMLA member Bob Klips received the 2015 Sullivant Award for best bryology paper in The Bryologist.
• Articles published by OMLA members.

New Bryophyte and Lichen Group in Pennsylvania. Brian Dolney, P. 22-23.
Several bryophyte and lichen enthusiasts teamed up to initiate a new organization, the Pennsylvania Bryophyte and Lichen Association, PennBLA. The goals include educating the public about bryophytes and lichens in Pennsylvania and recording the occurrences of these species throughout the state.

Usnea dasea Discovered in Ohio. Tomás J. Curtis, P. 23-24, 1 photograph.
This new species for Ohio was collected on a young, dead ash tree in West Branch State Park, Portage County.

OBELISK volume 14 (2017) (.pdf link)

A Study of the Macrolichens of Northeast Ohio. Tomás J. Curtis, P. 1-9, 1 table, 7 literature and web citations.
A survey of macrolichens in 12 northeast Ohio counties identified 137 species, including 7 new state records, 40 new records for northeast Ohio and 305 new county records. The results are tabulated by county. Among the significant finds are Canoparmelia caroliniana, Enchylium bachmanianum and Menegazzia subsimilis.

New and Interesting Records of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi from Ohio. James C. Lendemer, P. 9-16, 45 literature citations.
Abstract. – New records of Bacidia sorediata are reported, expanding the known distribution of the species in Ohio. The following species are reported for the first time from Ohio: Fuscidea recensa, Halecania pepegospora, Lecanora minutella, Leprocaulon adhaerens, Opegrapha corticola, Placynthiella hyporhoda, Pyrenidium aggregatum (on Phaeophyscia rubropulchra), and Scoliciosporum pensylvanicum.

Left Hand Corner. Strange Bedfellows. Ray Showman, P. 16-17.
Why are lichens and mosses informally grouped together?

2017 Summer Foray, Licking County. Ray Showman and Barb Andreas, P. 17-19, 3 species lists.
Dawes Arboretum, our foray site, has an outstanding collection of woody plants from all over the world. The property also contains native woodlands and a pioneer cemetery dating from the early 1800’s. Foray participants recorded 21 crustose lichens, 38 macrolichens, 41 mosses and 3 liverworts. Highlights are lichens Phaeophyscia insignis and Phaeophyscia orbicularis, and the moss Trematodon longicollis.

Seventeen Mosses Have Been Added to the Ohio Moss List Since 2004 – Six From OMLA Forays. Barbara K. Andreas and Diane Lucas, P. 19-22, 14 literature citations.
Of these 17 new state records, 6 were discovered on OMLA forays, 2 were found on the 2006 joint Crum–Tuckerman workshop, 5 were collected by OMLA members on non- OMLA field trips, and 4 were found by examining herbarium specimens. Notes on each species are presented.

Wanted (Alive)! Phaeophyscia leana. Mark Zloba, P. 22-25. 4 photographs.
This rare lichen grows in an unusual habitat: floodplains of large rivers, specifically where the spring waters rise and stay for days on end. Most lichens cannot live in this habitat due to the amount of time under water. First collected near Cincinnati in the 1830s by Thomas Lea, it was later thought extinct, but was recently rediscovered in several states, including Ohio.

Moss Musings: The Value of ‘Fresh Eyes’. Barbara Andreas, P. 25-26.
Even in areas that have been extensively surveyed for mosses, another person on another day may see things that everyone else missed. Simply walking on one side of a tree can make a difference.

Found (Alive)! Menegazzia terebrata. Ray Showman, P. 26-27. 2 photographs.
This species had been collected only once in Ohio (Clark County, 1877). Tomás Curtis recently found it on downed white ash tree in West Branch State Park, Portage County.

Lichen Photography with a Smartphone. Ian Adams, P. 27-29. 3 photographs.
The latest iPhone and Android smartphones have excellent, easy to use cameras that are well-suited to photographing lichens in the field as well as indoors through a microscope. Here’s how to take great pictures using your phone.

Ohio Liverwort Diversity. Bob Klips, P. 31-40. 26 photographs, 1 figure.
An entertaining, richly illustrated tour of Ohio liverworts, divided into 14 categories to aid in recognition and enjoyment. Also includes hornworts as a bonus!

2017 Fall Foray, Morgan County. Bill and Carole Schumacher, P. 40-43. 3 species lists.
We visited Burr Oak State Park, Wildcat Hollow (Wayne National Forest), Ringgold Cemetery, and the farm of OMLA member Julie Tome. We recorded 63 macrolichens (16 new county records), 56 crustose lichens, 2 lichenicolous fungi, 68 mosses (49 new county records) and 9 liverworts.

News and Notes. P. 43-45.
• Ohio State University Herbarium (OS) seeks volunteers to put label information from its lichen and bryophyte specimens on-line to allow worldwide access to our important collection.
• Decorative uses of lichens in the Yukon (2 photographs).
• Group photos from our summer and fall forays.

OBELISK volume 15 (2018) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner. The Importance of Collection and Curation. Jonathan Kubesch, P. 1-2.
In cryptogams as well as the wider world of biology, specimen collections have been largely forgotten. The work of curating herbarium collections, acquiring new specimens and putting specimen information online is very important.

Report of New Macrolichens for the State of Ohio. Tomás J. Curtis, P. 2-6, 7 photographs, 9 references.
An illustrated discussion of seven macrolichen species new to Ohio, collected during field work in 2017 and 2018.

Long Lost Moss Found (Alive)! Shaun Pogacnick, P. 7-11, 5 photographs, 9 citations.
Last collected in Ohio 125 years ago, goblin gold moss (Schistostega pennata), along with many other noteworthy bryophytes and lichens, was found at Thompson Ledges, Geauga County.

The 2018 Summer Foray to Wayne County, Ohio. Julia Wiesenberg, P. 12-13, 3 species lists.
We visited Millbrook Fen, a rare graminoid fen, and Wooster Memorial Park, a 422-acre woodland park with hemlock groves and sandstone cliffs. We recorded 28 macrolichens, 34 crustose lichens, 3 allied fungi, 1 lichenicolous fungus, 31 mosses and 1 liverwort. The lichen Melanelixia glabratula is a new state record.

Elegant Sunburst Lichen. Ian Adams, P. 13-15, 2 photographs.
This beautiful orange lichen is not common in Ohio, with a couple of old records from the Lake Erie Islands and a few recent sightings on rocks along the Lake Erie shore.

Getting Started With Sphagnum. Bob Klips, P. 15-21, 19 photographs.
A most entertaining way to develop your Sphagnum identification skills. If you always wondered what a “resorption furrow” is, be sure to read this!

2018 Additions to the Bryophytes of Morgan County, Ohio. Bill and Carole Schumacher, P. 21-23, 2 species lists.
Returning to Burr Oak State Park, site of last year’s foray, a group of OMLA members collected more county records: 15 mosses and 4 liverworts.

Three Weird Lichens. Ray Showman, P. 23-24, 3 photographs.
Flakea papillata, Cystocoleus ebeneus and Agonimia opuntiella are three small (tiny, in the case of Agonimia) lichens recorded from southern Ohio. Here’s how to recognize them in the field.

A New Dr. Seuss at the Edge? Mark Zloba, P. 24-27, 14 photographs.
A richly illustrated array of Cladonia lichens, with poetic comments inspired by one of our favorite childhood authors.

The History of Lichenology in Ohio. Ray Showman, P. 28-30, 2 photographs, 8 literature citations.
Follow the development of lichen studies in Ohio from Thomas Lea in the 1830s to the present day.

Ohio’s Many Naturalists. Ray Showman, P. 31, 2 photographs.
A poem celebrating Ohio’s moss and lichen experts, past and present.

A Brief History of Ohio Moss Collectors. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 31-36, 33 literature citations.
William Starling Sullivant led the way for the many collectors who have developed our knowledge of Ohio’s bryophytes.

Moss Musings – Support Your Professional Organization, The American Bryological and Lichenological Society. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 36-37.
For those interested in lichens and bryophytes, there are many reasons to join ABLS. The journal Evansia, published by ABLS, has articles on a variety of topics: new regional records, species lists from natural areas, collecting techniques and much more.

A Trip to Crane Hollow. Ray Showman, P. 37.
Surely this poem will make you want to join us on our next foray!

2018 Fall Foray Conducted at Crane Hollow Preserve, Hocking County. Barbara K. Andreas and Ray Showman, P. 38-42, 6 species lists, 4 literature citations.
This preserve of nearly 2,000 acres consists of several parcels, some of which are dedicated state nature preserves. Our two-day foray logged 96 moss species, 33 liverworts, 1 hornwort, 49 macrolichens, 47 crustose lichens and 3 nonlichenized allied fungi.

News and Notes. P. 43-44.
• Plans for next year’s annual meeting and forays.
• Invitation to contribute Physcomitrium samples to research project
• Group photos from this year’s forays.

OBELISK volume 16 (2019) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner. Come to the Crum – or the Tuckerman! Barbara K. Andreas, P. 1-2.
The Crum Bryology Workshop and the Tuckerman Lichen Workshop are great learning opportunities, with field trips during the day and identification labs in the evening. These annual events give amateurs and professionals a chance to work together.

A Study of the Lichenized, Lichenicolous, and Allied Fungi of Northeast Ohio.Tomás J. Curtis, P. 2-12, 1 map, 1 species list, 18 literature citations.
This study of the lichenized, lichenicolous and allied fungi in 13 counties of northeast Ohio recorded 405 species, of which 112 are reported for the first time in Ohio.

Fissidens closteri Aust. – New to Ohio. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 12-13, 2 photographs, 2 literature citations.
This stemless moss has setae 1.2 mm long, and capsules 0.2 – 0.3 mm long. The first records for Ohio were found in Hocking County on sandstone pebbles in an abandoned lane and on moist sandstone flakes from a small temporary waterfall.

2019 Summer Foray to Wood County. Jim Toppin, P. 13-15, 3 species lists.
We collected at two preserves of the Wood County Park District: Sawyer Quarry, an abandoned dry quarry with adjacent woodlands, loamy soil and dolostone outcrops, and Rudolph Savanna, an 87-acre oak savanna with sandy soil. We found 42 moss species (18 new county records), 2 liverwort species, and 29 lichen species (8 new county records).

A Day To Remember. Ray Showman, P. 15-16, 3 photographs.
A visit to Adams County yielded a rare lichen, Thyrea confusa, and two new lichens for Ohio: Dermatocarpon dolamiticum and Peltigera phyllidiosa.

Moss Musings. Moss in Name Only. Ray Showman, P. 17.
“Moss” figures in some common names for vascular plants, lichens and minerals. And of course, don’t look for moss on a rolling stone.

Pleurozium schreberi and Nitrogen Fixation. Bill Schumacher, P. 17-18, 1 photograph, 3 references.
This common species in boreal forests is associated with cyanobacteria that assist with nitrogen fixation, providing an important source of nitrogen in acid sandy soils.

Cladonia crispata Discovered in Ohio. Tomás J. Curtis, P. 18-19, 1 photograph.
This new Ohio record was found in Summit County, growing on an ecorticate stump in a dry barren with scattered stands of successional hardwoods.

Wanted (Alive)! Nephroma helvetica. Ray Showman, P. 19, 1 photograph.
This fairly large, foliose lichen is dark brown to gray-brown, with squamules or flattened isidia on the lobe margins and kidney-shaped apothecia. Look for it on mossy rocks and tree bases in shady places.

2019 Fall Foray – Ashtabula County Ohio and Crawford County Pennsylvania. Bob Long, P. 19-22, 6 species lists.
We collected on the Ohio side of Pymatuning Reservoir on Friday afternoon and Saturday morning, then on the Pennsylvania side Saturday afternoon and Sunday. Lichens and related fungi species totaled 75 in Ohio and 14 in Pennsylvania. Bryophytes totaled 64 mosses and 8 liverworts in Ohio and 5 mosses and 3 liverworts in Pennsylvania.

Hidden Lake Cladonia Colony. Ian Adams, Tomás Curtis, & John Pogacnik, P. 22-26, 6 photographs.
During a bioblitz at Hidden Lake Park in northeast Ohio, nine Cladonia species were found, including Cladonia gracilis subsp. turbinata, new to Ohio, and Cladonia verticillata, which is not common in Ohio. The site is an old farm field that was acquired by Lake Metroparks in 2006 and managed since 2008 to remove and control invasive species. Includes notes on each species.

Flat Fantastic and Fun: Fissidens! Bob Klips, P. 26-34, 21 photographs.
Fissidens species are among the few mosses that are truly two-dimensional, with leaves running in paired straight strictly opposite rows. Learn how to identify and enjoy the 14 species of Fissidens found in Ohio.

Writing Common Names. Bob Klips, P. 34.
Very useful tips on how to use (or not use) capital letters for common names of bryophytes and lichens.

News and Notes. P. 35-36.
• Moss course at Edge of Appalachia
• Eagle Hill Institute moss and lichen seminars
• Help wanted on the web site
• Group pictures from this year’s forays

OBELISK volume 17 (2020) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner. Required Reading. Ray Showman, P. 1.
The recent book, Entangled Life – How Fungi Make Our World, Change Our Minds & Shape Our Futures, is about mycology, symbiosis and the connectedness of life on earth.

Moss Musings – A Tribute to OMLA Member Diane Lucas. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 2-3, 1 photograph.
From Olean, New York, to NASA to Ohio bryophytes, Diane really gets around. May I also add helpful, generous and fun, someone we’re always glad to see?

From Moons to Mosses. Ray Showman, P. 2.
A poetic tribute to our great friend, Diane Lucas.

2020 Summer Foray – Fulton County. Ray Showman, P. 2-5, 3 species lists.
Most of the foray time was spent at Goll Woods, but cemeteries in Pettisville were visited for different habitat. Goll Woods is a remnant of the original forest which once covered the Black Swamp region of northwestern Ohio. It has impressive examples of old growth burr oak, chinquapin oak, white oak and shagbark hickory.

Ohio’s Rare and Endangered Lichens and Mosses. Ray Showman, P. 5-6, 2 species lists.
The list of plants protected under the Ohio Rare Plant Law includes 17 lichens and 16 mosses. Seven criteria are used for listing bryophytes and lichens as extirpated, endangered. threatened or potentially threatened.

Noble County Foray Yields 46 New County Records for Bryophytes, and 8 New Macrolichens. Barbara Andreas, P. 6-8, 3 species lists.
Dennis LeMond and Ann Acheson opened their 800 plus acres of forest and sandstone ledges in Noble County to 16 OMLA members. Results included 37 crustose lichen species, all new records for the county.

Trial by Virus. Ray Showman, P. 9.
An epic poem of safe and successful foraying despite a pandemic.

The OMLA – A Great Success. Ray Showman, P. 9-10, 2 tables.
The primary mission of OMLA is to add to the knowledge of lichen and bryophyte distribution in Ohio. Tables showing numbers of county records from each foray since the first in 2004.

Richard Spruce 1817-1893. Bill Schumacher, P. 10-13.
Howard Crum’s book, Liverworts and Hornworts of Southern Michigan, begins with a quote from Richard Spruce. But who was Richard Spruce?

The Christmas Lichen (Cryptothecia rubrocincta). Ian Adams, P. 13-14, 2 photographs.
This striking crustose lichen is widely distributed in the southeastern United States as well as tropical and subtropical areas of the West Indies, Central America, and South America. Snow is a very rare occurrence in Florida, but the Christmas Lichen proudly displays its red and green Yuletide colors every month of the year.

Moss and Lichen Diversity on Bluffs Overlooking Lake Erie. Shaun Pogacnik, P. 15-18, 9 photographs.
For a rich diversity of lichens and byophytes, be sure to visit the bluffs along Lake Erie in northeast Ohio. There you’ll find, among other things, jelly lichens, ephemeral mosses, liverworts, rosette lichens, shadow lichens and just about any sunburst lichen you can think of.

The OSU Herbarium: Fun and Adventure. Jim Toppin, P. 18-21, 10 images.
The lichen collection at the Ohio State University herbarium is now online through the Consortium of North American Lichen Herbaria ( You can search for specimens by country, state, county, collector’s name, date or scientific name to retrieve an image of the label. Here are a few examples.

News and Notes. P. 21-24.
Ohio Moss Atlas updated and online
Flenniken Award to Shaun Pogacnik
Annual meeting will be online
2021 forays planned for Belmont and Lake counties
Book recommendations
Lichens and mosses in art
Foray group photos

OBELISK volume 18 (2021) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner. Traveling the World Through Herbariums. Bill Schumacher, P. 1.
Visits to New York Botanical Garden and Missouri Botanical Garden.

Moss Musings. Leratia exigua (Sull.) Goffinet – New to Ohio, but Is It Native? Barbara K. Andreas, P. 2.
Of the 12 previous North American collections of this moss, the closest is from Tennessee. Has it been overlooked between Ohio and Tennessee, or was it brought in?

News and Notes. P. 3
OMLA Annual Meeting
• Barb Andreas inducted into Ohio Department of Natural Resources Hall of Fame
Lake County Metroparks: THANK YOU!

2021 Summer Foray to Belmont County. Barb Andreas and Ray Showman, P. 4-5.
The foray at Raven Rocks produced new county records of 20 macrolichens, 12 mosses and 3 liverworts.

2021 Fall Foray to Lake County. Bob Klips, P. 5-7
Hosted by Lake County Metroparks, collectors at Hidden Lake Metropark, Chapin Forest Reservation and Erie Bluffs Metropark logged 67 mosses, 14 liverworts and 63 lichens during the 3-day event.

Book Review: A Book-Lover’s Tribute to Mosses of Eastern North America. Jim Toppin, P. 9
The masterpiece by Howard A. Crum and Lewis E. Anderson continues to enlighten and inspire.

Travels: Moss Paradise. Ray Showman, P. 9-10
Iceland has 460 species of mosses and a moss section in the natural history museum. Lichens didn’t appear to be as abundant, but you can buy a box of “Whole Islandic Moss”, which is the lichen Cetraria islandica.

Wanted (Alive)!: Usnea angulata. Ray Showman, P. 10-11
Known in Ohio from one 1875 specimen from Champaign County, might it be still be around here somewhere?

Hocking County – The Bryologically Richest Ohio County. Barbara K. Andreas and Joe Moosbrugger. P. 11-12.
Hocking County has 235 documented species of mosses (and liverworts and hornworts), more than any other Ohio county.

Thoughts on Ecology. Bill Schumacher. P. 13-14
Investigating the use of bryophytes as an indicator of wetland quality.

A Snapshot of Ohio Lichen Diversity 129 Years Ago: The Kellerman Displays for the 1893 Chicago Exposition. Bob Klips. P. 14-21.
William Kellerman, Ohio State University’s first botany professor, and Stella Kellerman, botanist and artist/illustrator, produced botany textbooks and other important works, as well as beautiful world’s fair panels of plants and fungi on display at OSU Museum of Biological Diversity.

OBELISK volume 19 (2022) (.pdf link)

Left Hand Corner: Diane H. Lucas (January 12, 1931 – July 16, 2022). P. 1

Moss Musings: A Tribute to OMLA Member, Diane Lucas. Barbara K. Andreas, P. 1-2

Diane Lucas’s Generous Contributions to the OSU Herbarium. Bob Klips, P. 2-4.
Diane left a wealth of specimens and books to the herbarium.

Watch Your Hands and Feet. Ray Showman, P. 4.
When foraying in southern Ohio, you may see a copperhead, hopefully before you put a hand or foot on it.

Fall Foray to Athens County. Jim Toppin, P. 5-8.
Species lists from Desonier State Nature Preserve and 2 areas in Wayne National Forest. New county records:e 60 lichens, 18 mosses and 8 liverworts

Scenes from Desonier State Park. Bob Klips, P. 8-10.
Beautiful photographs of liverworts, lichens and mosses from the fall foray.

New Moss and Lichen Species for Ohio Found in the Year 2022. Tomás J. Curtis, P. 10-13.
Notes on one moss and nine lichens new to Ohio.

Hoosier Foray. Bill Schumacher, P. 13-15.
Outline of plans for a 2023 foray to Laporte and Porter counties, Indiana.

Spring Foray in Sandusky County. Jim Toppin, P.16-19
Geology, soils, and species lists for our foray to northwest Ohio.

Exploring Indiana. Bill Schumacher, P. 20-21.
The diverse natural areas of Indiana deserve more exploring for bryophytes and lichens.


Adams and Pike Counties, Ohio. October 2014. (from Obelisk, Vol. 11, P. 2-3)

Allen County, Ohio. June 2013. (from Obelisk, Vol. 10, P. 6-7)

Ashtabula County, Ohio, and Crawford County, Pennsylvania. September 2019. (from Obelisk, Vol. 16, P. 19-22)

Athens County, Ohio. September 2022. (from Obelisk, Vol. 19, P. 5-8)

Brown and Highland Counties, Ohio. June 2015. (from Obelisk, Vol. 12, P. 7-8)

Carroll County, Ohio. July 2016. (from Obelisk, Vol. 13, P. 4-6)

Columbiana County, Ohio. September 2013. (from Obelisk, Vol. 10, P. 21-23)

Crawford and Morrow Counties, Ohio. October 2011. (from Obelisk, Vol. 8, P. 25-27)

Darke County, Ohio. July 2009. (from Obelisk Vol. 6, P. 2, 4-7)

Defiance County, Ohio. June 2011. (from Obelisk, Vol. 8, P. 16-19)

Erie County, Ohio. September 2008. (from Obelisk Vol. 5, P. 4-5).

Fayette County, Ohio. June 2012. (from Obelisk, Vol. 9, P. 3-5)

Fulton County, Ohio. June 2020. (from Obelisk, Vol. 17, P. 3-5)

Gallia County, Ohio. June 2008. (from Obelisk Vol. 5, P. 2-3)

Henry County, Ohio. June 2010. (from Obelisk, Vol. 7, P. 5-7)

Hocking County, Ohio. September 2018. (from Obelisk, Vol. 15, P. 38-41)

Lawrence and Jackson Counties, Ohio. October 2005. (from Obelisk, Vol. 2, P. 3-6)

Licking County, Ohio. June 2017. (from Obelisk, Vol. 14, P. 17-19)

Lucas County, Ohio. April 2005. (from Obelisk, Vol. 1, P. 2-5)

Meigs County, Ohio. September 2009. (from Obelisk, Vol. 6, p. 11-13)

Miami County, Ohio. October 2016. (from Obelisk, Vol. 13, P. 18-20)

Monroe County, Ohio. October 2012. (from Obelisk, Vol. 9, P. 12-15)

Montgomery County, Ohio. October 2015. (from Obelisk, Vol. 12, P. 19-21)

Morgan County, Ohio. October 2017. (from Obelisk, Vol. 14, P. 41-43)

Muskingum County, Ohio. October 2010. (from Obelisk, Vol. 7, P. 20-23)

Noble County, Ohio. October 2020. (from Obelisk, Vol. 17, P. 6-8)

Pickaway County, Ohio. June 2014. (from Obelisk, Vol. 11, P. 2-3)

Pike and Ross Counties, Ohio. October 2007. (from Obelisk, Vol. 4, P. 2-4)

Sandusky County, Ohio. June 2022. (from Obelisk, Vol. 19, P. 16-18)

Vinton County, Ohio. July 2006. (from Obelisk, Vol. 3, P. 3)

Washington County, Ohio. September-October 2006. (Lichen list from Obelisk, Vol. 3, P. 4. Bryophyte list from herbarium and collectors’ records)

Wayne County, Ohio. June 2018. (from Obelisk, Vol. 15, P. 12-13)

Wood County, Ohio, June 2019. (from Obelisk, Vol. 16, P. 13-15)


Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi

Acarospora obpallens. “New Crustose Lichen Reported for Ohio” by Don Flenniken. Vol. 5, 2008, P. 3.

Acarospora oreophila. “New Squamulose Lichen Species” by Don Flenniken. Vol. 3, 2007, P. 1.

Arthonia susa. “New Crustose Species for Ohio.” by Ray Showman. Obelisk. Vol. 10, 2012. P. 13.

Cladonia floerkeana. “Crustose Lichen Workshop at the Edge of Appalachia” by Ray Showman, Vol. 12, 2015, P. 5-6.

Fuscidea recensa. “New and Interesting Records of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi from Ohio” by James C. Lendemer, vol. 14, 2017, P. 9-16.

Halecania pepegospora. “New and Interesting Records of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi from Ohio” by James C. Lendemer, vol. 14, 2017, P. 9-16.

Heppia adglutinata. “Report of New Macrolichens for the State of Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 15, 2018, P. 2-6.

Hyperphyscia confusa.New Lichen Found in Ohio” by Don Flenniken. Obelisk, Vol. 9, 2012, P. 2.

Hypotrachyna afrorevoluta. “A Study of the Macrolichens of Northeast Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 14, 2017, P. 1-9.

Hypotrachyna revoluta. “Report of New Macrolichens for the State of Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 15, 2018, P. 2-6.

Lecanora appalachensis. “New Crustose Species for Ohio.” by Ray Showman. Obelisk. Vol. 10, 2012. P. 13.

Lecanora minutella. “New and Interesting Records of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi from Ohio” by James C. Lendemer, vol. 14, 2017, P. 9-16.

Leprocaulon adhaerens. “New and Interesting Records of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi from Ohio” by James C. Lendemer, vol. 14, 2017, P. 9-16.

Melanelixia glabratula. “Report of New Macrolichens for the State of Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 15, 2018, P. 2-6.

Multiclavula corynoides. “Report of New Macrolichens for the State of Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 15, 2018, P. 2-6.

Northeast Ohio: 112 New Species Reported for Ohio.  “A Study of the Lichenized, Lichenicolous, and Allied Fungi of Northeast Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 16, 2019, P. 2-12.

Opegrapha corticola. “New and Interesting Records of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi from Ohio” by James C. Lendemer, vol. 14, 2017, P. 9-16.

Phaeophyscia insignis. “Crustose Lichen Workshop at the Edge of Appalachia” by Ray Showman, Vol. 12, 2015, P. 5-6.

Physcia dubia. “A Study of the Macrolichens of Northeast Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 14, 2017, P. 1-9.

Physciella melanchra. “New Lichen for Ohio” by Don Flenniken. Obelisk, Vol. 6, 2009. P. 3.

Placynthiella hyporhoda. “New and Interesting Records of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi from Ohio” by James C. Lendemer, vol. 14, 2017, P. 9-16.

Pyrenidium aggregatum. “New and Interesting Records of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi from Ohio” by James C. Lendemer, vol. 14, 2017, P. 9-16.

Scoliciosporum pensylvanicum. “New and Interesting Records of Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi from Ohio” by James C. Lendemer, vol. 14, 2017, P. 9-16.

Tuckermannopsis sepincola. “A Study of the Macrolichens of Northeast Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 14, 2017, P. 1-9.

Usnea cornuta. “New Lichen For Ohio” by Ray Showman. Obelisk, Vol. 7, 2010, P. 2.

Usnea dasaea. “Usnea dasaea Discovered in Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 13, 2016, P. 23-24.

Usnea glabrata. “Report of New Macrolichens for the State of Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 15, 2018, P. 2-6.

Usnea hirta. “Usnea hirta Discovered in Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 13, 2016, P. 4.

Usnea subgracilis. “Report of New Macrolichens for the State of Ohio” by Tomás J. Curtis. Obelisk, Vol. 15, 2018, P. 2-6.

Usnea substerilis. “New Lichen for Ohio” by Ray Showman. Obelisk, Vol. 5, 2008. P. 1-2.

White Script Lichen. “White Script Lichen – New Species Discovered in Ohio” by Don Flenniken. Obelisk, Vol. 9, 2012, p. 20-21.


Brachythecium velutinum. “New Moss Species for Ohio” by Barbara Andreas. Obelisk, Vol. 6, 2009. P. 7.

Fissidens closteri.Fissidens closteri Aust. – New to Ohio” by Barbara Andreas. Obelisk, Vol. 16, 2019. P. 12-13.

Physcomitrium collenchymatum “New and Unusual Mosses 2009-2011” by Bob Klips. Obelisk, Vol. 8, 2011. P. 22-25.

Thuidium delicatulum var. radicans “Thuidium delicatulum var. radicans – New to Ohio” by Barbara Andreas. Obelisk, Vol. 11, 2014. P. 1-2.

Trematodon longicollis. “New Ohio Moss Record,” by Bob Klips. Obelisk, Vol. 2, 2006, P. 7-8.


PHOTOS OF Forays and Groups

Organizational Meeting. 2004. Photo of the organizational meeting, June, 2004. Vol. 1, p. 6. (Diane Lucas)

Adams County Foray. 2005. Klips, Bob. 2005.

Photo of the participants in Fall Foray to Adams County, October 2004. Vol. 1, p. 6. (Bob Klips)

Lawrence and Jackson Counties Foray. 2006. Photo of the participants in Fall Foray to Lawrence and Jackson Counties, 2005. Vol. 2, p. 1. (Bob Klips)

Crum-Tuckerman Workshop. 2006. Photo of the participants to the Crum-Tuckerman Group, 19 May 2006. Vol. 3, p. 5. (Bob Klips)

Vinton County Foray. 2007. Photo of the participants to the OMLA Foray, 15 July 2006, Lookout Rock, Vinton County, Ohio. Vol. 3, p. 5. (Bob Klips)

Washington County Foray. 2007. Photo of participants to the OMLA Foray, 30 September 2006, Washington County, Ohio. Vol. 3, p. 5. (Bob Klips)

Gallia County Foray. 2008. Photo of Summer foray participants [Gallia Co.] Vo. 5, p. 13. (Bob Klips)

Erie County Foray. 2008. Photo of Fall Foray participants (Erie Co.]. Vol. 5, p .13. (Bob Klips)

Darke County Foray. 2009. Photo of the participants in the 2009 Summer Foray to Darke County, Ohio, July 18, 2009. Vol. 6, p. 19.

Meigs County Foray. 2009. Photo of the participants in the 2009 Fall Foray to Meigs County, Ohio, September 18, 2009. Vol. 6, p. 19. (Bob Klips)

Henry County Foray. 2010. Photo of Summer Foray participants (Henry County]. Vol. 7, p. 24. (Bob Klips)

Muskingum County Foray. 2010. Photo of Fall Foray participants [Muskingum County, Ohio). Vol. 7, p. 24. (Bob Klips)

Defiance County Foray. 2011. Photo of the participants of the Summer Foray, June 11, 2011. Vol. 8, p. 29. (Bob Klips)

Crawford and Morrow Counties Foray. 2011. Photo of the participants of the Fall Foray [to Crawford and Morrow Counties, Ohio], October 1, 2011. Vol. 8, p. 29. (Bob Klips)