foray-henry-putnam-summer-2010

OMLA 2010 Summer Foray
Henry and Putnam Counties, OH. June 19, 2010

The Summer 2010 foray of the Ohio Moss and Lichen Association, organized by Jim Toppin and Janet Traub, was conducted at three locations in Henry County. Simultaneously, OMLA members Bill and Carole Schumacher explored locations in adjacent Putnam County. These areas are located in northwestern Ohio. Henry County is in the greater Oak Openings region and includes portions of the Maumee State Forest. Otherwise, the counties are predominantly agricultural.

The pre-foray moss records for these counties were quite sparse, with only 11 species known from Henry, and 12 from Putnam. The lichen flora is more well documented, with 15 species for Henry, and 34 species for Putnam.

The foray was attended by 10 people, including 2 who explored Putnam County, and so were absent from the group photo.

OMLA-Henry-2010

 OMLA Summer Foray, Henry County, Ohio. June 19, 2010

Collecting began at a former muck farm along Henry Co. Twp. Rd. 2 in Washington Township that is reverting to an interesting wild state. Here’s an aerial photo view.

Henry-muckfarm-summer-2010-aerial

 Aerial view of muck farm site in Henry County.

…and here’s what it looks on the ground (and in color):

-muck-farm-Henry-Cty--OH

 Muck farm in Henry County. June 19, 2010.

The soil seems to be an interesting mixture of wet, calcareous, organic, and sandy: a quite unique habitat that is home to some intriguing vascular plants with a fidelity to such peculiar areas. Here’s one of them, Kalm’s St. Johnswort, Hypericum kalmianum (Clusiaceae) a remarkably large-flowered member of the genus, and one our very few woody Hypericum species.

Hypericum-kalmianum-Henry-Cty-June-2010

Kalm’s St. Johnswort at muck farm site in Henry County. June 19, 2010.

Another unusual plant that is found either in moist or dry, usually sandy soil is colic-root Aletris farinosa (Liliaceae).

Aletris-farinosa-Henry-Cty-June-2010Colic-root at muck farm site. June 19, 2010. Henry County, Ohio.

We carefully scoured all the pertinent substrates. In the photo below, note both the dense herb cover of the open area, and in the background, a dense thicket dominated, unfortunately, by the invasive small tree, evil buckthorn, Rhamnus frangula (Rhamnaceae).

OMLA-people-muck-16Jun10-Henry-Cty-OH

OMLA foray participants at muck farm site. June 19, 2010. Henry County, Ohio.

Some mosses were noted to be particularly abundant both in hummocks of the muck farm, and in the thicket. Below, see a moss that is an acrocarp (cushion moss) with very narrow leaves, many of which are swept to one side (secund). The sporophytes have rather long setae, and are topped by an elongate capsule (sporangium). The plants in the photo have immature sporophytes, as evidenced by the presence of a hat-like calyptra, a remnant of the gamteophyte to which the sporophyte is attached. The calyptra will soon fall off.

Dicranum-scoparium-Henry-Cty-OH

Narrow-leaved acropcarpous moss at muck farm in Henry County. June 19, 2010.

Another common moss is a tripinnately branched pleurocarp (carpet moss) that greatly resembles a tiny fern.

Thuidium-delicatulum-Henry-Cty-June-2010

Tripinnate pleurocarpous moss at muck farm in Henry County. June 19, 2010.

Occurring in small but dense patches is a robust acrocarp that bears leaves in two opposing rows (i.e., is 2-ranked) and thus is very flat. Moreover, the base of each leaf is split and clasps the base of the leaf just above it, similar to the leaves of an iris plant. (With it in the photo below is a smallish pleurocarp, the leaves of which tend to arch out away from the stem, i.e., are somewhat “squarrose.”)

Fissidens-and-Campylium

An especially flat moss at the muck farm site in Henry County. June 16, 2010.

The second stop on the Foray was a forested site across from the Lutheran Youth Center on Henry County Twp. Rd. 1D in Washington Township where we may have attained the staggering elevations of 685 feet. Here’s aerial view of the site.

Henry-Lutheran-home-summer-2010-aerial

Aerial view of OMLA Foray Henry County Site 2.

On the ground the OMLA foray participants found a habitat totally different than the muck farm. This is a woods with undulating topography and abundant “coarse woody debris.” (CWD is forestry-speak for “logs.”)

OMLA-Foray-woods-Henry-Cty

OMLA members at woodland site. June 19, 2010. Henry County, Ohio.

At the margin of the woods along the road, a tree stump is densely occupied by a lichen.

Cladonia-caespiticia-habitat

 Tree stump densely coated with lichen. June 19, 2010. Henry County, Ohio.

The lichen is a fruticose (shrubby) one with very abundant and very small primary squamules. Short podetia are present, capped with proportionally large dark brown apothecia.

Cladonia-caespiticia-Henry-Cty-2010

Fruticose lichen on tree stump. June 19, 2010. Henry County, Ohio.

Also present here is a miracle of nature: an accidental terrarium!

Amblystegium in bottle

A discarded bottle colonized inside by a moss!
(We discussed selling this on e-bay and retiring as millionaires!)

A closer examination of the photo shows the moss is a pleurocarp with ovate-acuminate, widely spaced leaves.

Amblystegium in a bottle

 Moss in a bottle (crop of previous image). June 19, 2010. Henry County, Ohio.

The final stop was the Rd. 2 and Wabash Cannonball Trail intersection. This is on the dirt road. The forest tract is east of this, though we mainly stayed on the trail. Here’s an aerial view of the trail.

Henry-cannonball trail-summer-2010-aerial

Wabash Cannonball Trail Site (OMLA Foray site 3)

The trail is an wide open area.

Wabash Cannonball Trail

 Wabash Cannonball Trail (OMLA Foray Site 3) Henry County, Ohio. June 19, 2010.

The trail wasn’t an especially productive site for finding bryophytes and lichens, but was nonetheless rewarding to visit. One treat was seeing a decidedly non-evil member of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae): New Jersey tea, Ceanonthus americanus. This species is a native low shrub that is the larval food plant for the spring azure and mottled dusky-wing butterflies (the latter quite uncommon in Ohio).

Ceanothus americanus

New Jersey tea along the Wabash Cannonball Trail in Henry County. June 19, 2010.

Species lists are currently being generated from the Henry/Putnam Counties Foray, and will be published in the 2010 OBELISK, the newsletter of the Ohio Moss and Lichen Association.