moss-Rhizomnium punctatum

Rhizomnium punctatun
“red penny moss”

Rhizomnium punctatum photo by Bob Klips

Rhizomnium punctatum with Atrichum on shady streambank preserve in Hocking County, Ohio. June 25, 2008.

Rhizomnium punctatum photo by Bob Klips

Rhizomnium punctatum and Brachythecium on small rock in intermittent stream
Clear Creek metro Park, Hocking County, Ohio. April 27, 2014.

Rhizomnium punctatum photo by Bob Klips

Rhizomnium punctatum at Raven Rocks (Captina Conservancy) Belmont County, Ohio. June 6, 2014.

Rhizomnium punctatum photo by  Bob Klips

Rhizomnium punctatum at Christmas Rocks State Nature Preserve.
Fairfield County, Ohio. April 4, 2015. Notice the border on the leaves.

Rhizomnium punctatum photo by Bob Klips

Rhizomnium punctatum at Christmas Rocks State Nature Preserve.
Fairfield County, Ohio. April 4, 2015.

How to recognize Rhizomnium punctatum: This moss, one of the genera that was split from Mnium, was placed in Rhizomnium with other species that do not have obvious teeth on the leaf border. When it is moist the 3-6 mm round to oval leaves are quite attractive; when dry they are contorted and twisted. It is usually found with the rhizoids only growing from the very bottom of the stem. Under the microscope sometimes a tiny tooth or apiculus can be send at the top end of the leaf, and by careful focusing up and down the multi-stratose layers of cells in the leaf border can be detected. Male plants are very obvious and can be easily inspected with a hand-lens; they are recognizable by a brownish cluster of tiny little antheridia (tiny cigar-shaped structures full of motile sperm when mature) in the center of a rosette of green leaves. It is an interesting exercise to tease one of these apart under a dissecting microscope, and then examine it closely under a compound microscope.

Where to find Rhizomnium punctatumIt is found on rocks, in and along streams and wet places, and also on soil and wood in these areas.  

Rhizomnium-punctatum-simplemap

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